Sunday, May 17, 2020

The Importance of the Health Workforce to Health Care

The importance of the health workforce to health system cannot be underestimated. It is widely accepted that, for effective health system performance, the availability as well as quality of the health workforce improves the global health equalities (Jensen, 2013). Yet, challenges of staffing, and having the right skill mix continue to impact on health systems of many counties, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, and this ultimately undermines the achievement of MDGs. This problem is escalated by the ever increasing migration of many qualified health practitioners seeking for better employment opportunities (WHO, 2006). Others primarily go for further studies but end up not returning after completing (European Commision, 2012). Such skilled workers would improve service delivery in their respective countries, but migrate to developed countries for so many reasons including but not limited to; better remuneration, improved working conditions, safer work environment, lack of facilities at home, lack of promotion, no future and heavy workloads (WHO, 2006). Data from WHOs Global Health workforce Alliance (2006) indicates that the largest gap in human resources for health exists in low income countries especially Sub Saharan-Africa. Estimates indicate that Africa alone will need 139% increase of health workers to reach the required numbers (WHO, 2012).Yet, the few available health workers continue to move to developed countries, worsening the problem even further. About 23% ofShow MoreRelatedThe Importance Of The Communication Process Of Health Care Workforce1507 Words   |  7 Pagesis a country that cultural pluralism is legally accepted and several linguistically diversified communities living as one nation. Therefore culturally competent and linguistically diversified health care workforce is a key factor to determine patient outcome, to enhance patient compliance and to reduce health disparities in addition to the quality of services and systems available in the country. Even though multiple definitions can be seen in literature re view, the definition given by for CulturalRead MoreEssay On Health Workforce Trends1400 Words   |  6 Pagesacute shortage of talented workforce is a major challenge before the US health care. There are a number of trends in health care that are currently affecting the workforce dynamics. The use of technology in health care has increased over time and increasingly health care organizations are adopting new technologies to make their services better. It is an important trend that has also affected the health care workforce. Increased use of Information Technology in the health care organizations has led toRead MoreOral Health : An Integral Part Of The Us Healthcare System1708 Words   |  7 Pageshealthcare is an integral part of the US healthcare system and contributes to the fast growing US healthcare expenditure. Since ages, a pervasive trend of neglected oral health has been observed. Though the long overdue reform act, ACA, has addressed the pitfalls of the healthcare system by improving the access and coverage to oral health, this trend still prevails. Underutilization of oral policy is seen predominantly in the rural residing adults. Almost 20% of US population resides in the rural regionRead MoreTrends In Health Care Research Paper1384 Words   |  6 Pagesthe acute shortage of talented workforce is a major challenge for the US health care. There are some trends in health care that are currently affecting the workforce dynamics. The use of technology in health care has increased over time, and increased health care organizations are adopting new technologies to make their services better. It is a significant trend that has also affected the health care workforce. Increased use of Information Technology in the health care organizations has led to relatedRead MoreWhat Is Patient- Centered Healthcare?860 Words   |  4 Pageshealthcare system. When physicians use this model of care patients have better outcomes and physician satisfaction rating are g reatly improved. Patient- centered care focuses on trust and comfort between the patient and the healthcare providers. If the U.S. strives to accomplish a patient- centered healthcare system, then every patient population needs to be included. The United States is an ethnically and culturally diverse nation. Unfortunately, health disparities in the U.S. have a direct link to minorityRead MoreImplementation Of The Institute Of Medicine1016 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction The focus of this paper is based on the importance of the IOM report on the â€Å"Future of Nursing† in relation to nursing practice, workforce development and the nursing education. The standard of practice coupled with professional accountability in addition to professional development forms the foundation for the nursing profession as it continues to evolve with the ever-changing needs of those they serve, be it the patient, the public, health care team members, or the nursing profession. StandardsRead MoreThe Provision Of Public Health Services Essay1406 Words   |  6 Pagesproposal. The public health system takes into consideration â€Å"all public, private, and voluntary entities that contribute to the delivery of essential public services within a jurisdiction. Therefore this concept ensures that all entities’ contributions to the health and well-being of the community or state are recognized in assessing the provision of public health services†. Examine the existing procedures related to at least four (4) of the ten (10) essential health services. Focus on theRead MoreEssay on Health Care1077 Words   |  5 PagesHealth Care Abstract Health Care, This is becoming more important in todays world of corporate streamlining, downsizing, and increased health care costs. A compensation package for the employees of today is more valuable than it has ever been. The average employee no longer is just concerned with the wages or salary they receive, their attention has been drawn to the overall compensation package. As health care costs rise the importance of an enrollment in a healthRead MoreSummary . The Public Health Workforce Consists Of A Large1312 Words   |  6 PagesThe public health workforce consists of a large number of professionals who provide significant contributions to the public health sector. The majority of public health workers consists of nurses, whereas the other percentage of workers are made up of various professions such as social workers, allied health professionals, physicians, and pharmacists. Structures such as the Triple Aim help to improve the quality of services and patient care. Ad ditionally, the ACA has made health care accessibleRead MoreThe Affordable Care Act1000 Words   |  4 PagesPrimary care in the United States has been in a state of neglect or of being underfunded for a long time. This dysfunctional state has been allowed to occur despite evidence, which shows the importance of primary care in creating healthy outcomes and controlling costs. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) tries to address some of these issues by: †¢ Innovations in the delivery of health care †¢ Investments in the primary care workforce †¢ Improving patient health care experiences and outcomes The United

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Happiness Is The Best Thing Essay - 1997 Words

For Aristotle, happiness is the best thing, for it is a thing for and in itself. Happiness is derived from ethics, and ethics is answer to how you achieve happiness. Virtue is a means in which ethics are preformed and are derived from passions and actions. That is, passions and actions are means in which ethical virtue is performed in order to gain happiness. Aristotle believes that for anything to be known it must derive from four causes. From these causes we understand what ethics is and its relation to the soul, virtue and how these are used to obtain happiness. Though happiness is the final goal it still must be journeyed through introspective and active movements by the self. The four causes are a means to argue a philosophical question. They include efficient causes; the source of movement that will be understood as the ‘why or by which.’ Material cause is concerned with the ‘out of which’ and formal cause deals with form or shape and is understood as ‘the into which or what was being.’ The purpose of these causes is to come to a conclusion, the final cause, or rather an end or goal; the desire that the original philosophical question is concerned with and it is understood as ‘for the sake of which.’ It is by these four causes we can understand what ethics deals with and how we understand it’s purpose. Ethics is concerned with what is the good life for me, and the final cause will be happiness. The remaining causes will help in understanding why activity and emotionsShow MoreRelatedIs It The Right Thing For Me? Join The War After College?1064 Words   |  5 Pageswe have to take it upon ourselves to do our best to make the right choices. Imagine this, your country is heading to war, and you want to help serve your country against the terrorists attacking your home. So you go to school majoring in the enimes language. However, while going through school it is discovered that your country is using extreme tactics like torturing prisoners of war. Would you still join the war after college? What is the right thing to do? The first question you should ask yourselfRead MoreAristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Essay example1128 Words   |  5 PagesIn Book 1 of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, he argues that happiness is the best good, and the goal of an individual and of those leading and governing society. Here, happiness is understood as both living well and doing well, rather than the convention sense of happiness as an emotion. According to Aristotle, happiness is achieved though actions involving reason and in accord with virtue, or the best of the virtues of there are more than one. In this paper, I will provide a brief overview of theRead MoreArticle Report On Google s Article Article On Essay1090 Words   |  5 PagesHow to Have Genuine Happiness at Every Stage of Your Life By Lara Helmling | Submitted On February 21, 2016 Recommend Article Article Comments Print Article Share this article on Facebook Share this article on Twitter Share this article on Google+ Share this article on Linkedin Share this article on StumbleUpon Share this article on Delicious Share this article on Digg Share this article on Reddit Share this article on Pinterest Expert Author Lara Helmling Some people wait for weekends whileRead MoreThe Ethical Theory Of Utilitarianism1543 Words   |  7 Pagesexcept the happiness of creatures that can be happy. This is the distinction between acts that attempt to maximize the good (utility) and acts that seek to minimize harm. Rachels describes utilitarian theory as being based on social reform in human behavior of which offers an alternative to natural laws. Utilitarians emphasize the deep connection between doing the right thing and causing happiness to make creatures happy. Some believe to do the right thing, because it’s the right thing to do versusRead MoreIn The Pursuit of Happiness578 Words   |  3 PagesIndividuals try to find happiness, but like water or air, it is hard to clench in your hands. As defined in Merriam-Webster (2014), happiness is a state of well-being and contentment. However, happiness is hard to achieve, but it can be as simple as being contented, doing what you love, and living who you really are. Furthermore, everyone asks how one would know that they have it already. Happiness is hard to achieve. Some people follow several steps in order to get what they want. People have unlimitedRead MoreThe Secret Of Happiness : Wisdom Of The Ages And Modern Sages1206 Words   |  5 PagesThe Secret of Happiness - Wisdom of the Ages and Modern Sages On How to Achieve Happiness By JD Meier | Submitted On November 06, 2011 Recommend Article Article Comments Print Article Share this article on Facebook Share this article on Twitter Share this article on Google+ Share this article on Linkedin Share this article on StumbleUpon Share this article on Delicious Share this article on Digg Share this article on Reddit Share this article on Pinterest Expert Author JD Meier What is theRead MoreAristotle on the Nature of Happiness and Virtue1265 Words   |  5 Pages Maybe it’s not clear for many people but, for me it is. Happiness does not depend on what we have; happiness comes from us our soul. Aristotle enshrines happiness as a central purpose of human life and a goal in itself. Virtue, which Aristotle believes that is the balance between two excesses, and definitely achieved by maintaining the mean. Aristotle always asks what the ultimate purpose of human existence is. Everywhere we see people seeking pleasure, wealth, and a good reputationRead More Voltaires Candide Essay1146 Words   |  5 PagesCandides ultimate discovery that happiness in many ways depends on a persons attitude. Voltaires philosophy expressed through Candides final realization is that We must cultivate our garden, which is the key to happiness(p.585). By cultivating our garden, Voltaire means that we must make the best of our situation in the present moment. We accept what we are given in life and work to make the best of it. It all has to do with our perspective on life. We do not find happiness somewhere else or by philosophizingRead MoreAristotle s Theory Of Happiness1651 Words   |  7 PagesLife Happiness is one of the biggest subjects that have the most influence in a person’s life in today’s world. People have discovered that happiness is actually related to multiple benefits of our mental and physical health. Every person wants to experience true happiness throughout his/her life. Nevertheless, everyone is suffering finding sustainable happiness. Aristotle, in his work called Nicomachean Ethics, presents the concept that living a virtuous life will produce sustainable happiness forRead MoreWhat Makes You Your Ego?960 Words   |  4 Pagesgenuinely happy (â€Å"Happiness Index†). Many factors play into this decline in happiness including things like our egos, settling for things we shouldn’t, and feeling the need to worry about other peoples lives besides your own. Egos have become a huge problem and the problem continues to get worse in the world today, especially in this generation. Everyone has an ego, it is an identity of our own construction, says Gary van Warmerdam (â€Å"What is the Ego†). When you hear or think things about your personality

Catholic Church free essay sample

As pre-determined, any religious principles in the Reformation were to be tolerated. As written in (DOC ) this piece of writing Concerning Heretics presents the religious anarchy ad chaos to story religions. Also, (Doc) presents the contract between the Catholic Church and the municipal council in Saxon. It describes the struggles of the Lutheran in their ways of singing and being present in sermons. It goes into further detail to proclaim that the Catholic Church schedule must not be interfered with or pushed back whatsoever.In (Doc), the contract between Franciscan Friar Guides De Glasses and the Committee of Regents of the city of Amsterdam authorized the opening of a new Catholic Church in 1691. In further detail, it describes how the entrance must for church sermons and such must be moved from the main street to an alleyway so it is less offensive. All objects, like a rosary, must not be apparent, otherwise offense is taken. -The Church was founded by the words and actions of Jesus Christ fulfilled by his redeeming cross and his resurrection. The Church Revealed by the Holy Spirit -The Holy Spirit was sent on the day of Pentecost in order that he might continually anctify the Church. -By nature the Church is missionary -So that she can fulfill her mission, the Holy Spirit bestows varied hierarchic and charismatic gifts The Church-perfected in Glory -The Church will receive its perfection only in the glory of heaven at the time of Christ glorious return. -The Church is a Pilgrim Church. The Mystery of the Church -The Church is in history but at the same time she transcends it. Christ established and sustains the Church he founded to communicate truth and grace to all men. The Church at the same time: -A society structured with hierarchical organs and the mystical body of Christ -A isible society and a spiritual community -An earthly Church and the Church endowed with heavenly riches. Nuptial union ot Christ and -Christ revealed himself as the purpose of Gods plan in the Church -The Church in this world is the Sacrament of Salvation, the sign and -instrument of the communion of God men. The Church as People of God -God is not a property of any people -One becomes a member of this people not by a physical birth but by faith in Christ and Baptism -The people has its head Jesus Christ. -Its law is the commandment of love. -Its mission is to be salt of the earth and light of the world. Its destiny is the Kingdom of God. -The whole people of God participate in the three offices of Christ namely the priestly, prophetic and royal office of Christ. The Church as the Body of Christ -The Church is in Communion of Christ who is the Head and the Bridegroom of the Church. -The people are united around the Body of Christ. There is unity in diversity of the Church of God. The Church is One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic The Church is One The Church is one because of her source: The highest exemplar and source of this mystery is the Unity in the Trinity of persons in One God, the Church is one because f her founder. This One Church has been marked with great diversity. What are the bonds of unity? Charity Visible bonds of communion: profession of One faith received from the Apostles; common celebration of divine worship especially the sacraments, apostolic succession through the sacrament of Holy orders. The Church is Holy -This is because , Christ the Son of God, who with the Father and the Spirit is hailed as holy, love the Church as his Bride, giving himself up for her so as to sanctify her. The Church is the Holy People of God. -It is in the Church that the fullness of the means of salvation has been deposited. The Church is Catholic Catholic means universal Why the Church is Catholic? -The Church is Catholic because Christ is present in her

Monday, April 20, 2020

Leadership Motivation Anita Roddick, Founder of Body Shop

Introduction The concept of leadership can be broadly defined as the intrinsic ability to internalize a setting with the intention of empowering a group or team to proactively and creatively contribute towards problem solving (Bass 2000).Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Leadership Motivation: Anita Roddick, Founder of Body Shop specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More On the other hand, management, in the broad spectrum, can be defined as the process in an organization that is inclusive of setting, strategic planning, managing resources and deploying the needed resources to realize specific objectives that are measurable within a specified period of time (Bennis Goldsmith 2003). Thus, this analytical paper attempts to explicitly analyze the concepts of leadership in terms of its application, scope, and features in the management styles. Specifically, the treatise adopts a reflective research in exploring the components of leadership and management such as transformational leadership, ‘managerialism’, and organizational realities in the management style of Anita Roddick who founded the Body Shop. External Environment and Strategic Challenge By definition, leadership is the capability to internalize the environmental setting that incorporates and empowers a group to creatively contribute towards definite course of addressing a challenge. Reflectively, Anita was not impressed with the services that many beauty shops were offering in the UK. The aspect of talent envisioned Anita to review her natural skill and ability that gained proficiency through personal experiences to establish an all-round body shop that could allow customers to buy all beauty products within one roof (The Body Shop 2012). The main characteristics of leadership include adaptability, empowerment, commitment, contribution, and critical problem solving skills. The aspect of adaptability influences the adjustments that may be required in exercising influence over a challenge.Advertising Looking for report on communications media? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Through these adjustments, Anita was in a position to model a unique setting that reassures and discerns the wants and desires of the subjects. Besides, she inspired self esteem and confidence among the subjects to align their feelings to specific intuition or instinct in her body shop concept. Through this leadership, she was able to facilitate the degree of empowerment feeling and faith in solutions given to her clients (Bustin 2004). Leading Others Since leadership inspires the need to contribute proactively towards creation of a suitable environment for closing the gap that may exist between a challenge and its solution, Anita used creative leadership which is a rich recipe for an imaginative response to stimulation that created a wider chain of adaptation of viable solutions to the demands of her clients (Slack, Chambers, Johnston Betts 2005). Through proactive management, Anita rolled out an organized process within her business that involved setting, planning, managing customer demands and deploying assets to achieve specific goals and objectives such as offering competitive prices and convenience to customers. Since management is about reproducing an action plan and implementing the same, Anita developed solutions that addressed the concerns of her diverse customers with different preferences. This strategy was successful since Anita inspired trust on the long-range perspective that challenged and concentrated on doing what was right and not ideal for the clients (The Body Shop 2012). Conclusively, leadership development focuses on how individuals think about themselves and activities that affect these thoughts and feelings in an organizational environment especially during selection, perfection, and persuasion procedures.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Leadership Motivation: Anita Roddick, Founder of Body Shop specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Therefore, it is critical to analyze the concept of leadership in management in order to understand the unique features that are independent of each other and have the same scope. Anita successful applied these concepts to develop a successful business empire in the UK. References Bass, B. (2000). Bass Stogdill’s handbook of leadership: Theory, research, and managerial applications. The Free Press, New York. Bennis, W., Goldsmith, J. (2003).Learning to Lead. New York: Basic Books. Bustin, G. (2004). Take Charge: How Leaders Profit From Change. Irving, Texas: Tapestry Press. The Body Shop. (2012). Dame Anita Roddick. Web. This report on Leadership Motivation: Anita Roddick, Founder of Body Shop was written and submitted by user Tate Stevens to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Sunday, March 15, 2020

ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) - Statistics Definition

ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) - Statistics Definition Many times when we study a group, we are really comparing two populations. Depending upon the parameter of this group we are interested in and the conditions we are dealing with, there are several techniques available. Statistical inference procedures that concern the comparison of two populations cannot usually be applied to three or more populations. To study more than two populations at once, we need different types of statistical tools. Analysis of variance, or ANOVA, is a technique from statistical interference that allows us to deal with several populations. Comparison of Means To see what problems arise and why we need ANOVA, we will consider an example. Suppose we are trying to determine if the mean weights of green, red, blue and orange MM candies are different from each other. We will state the mean weights for each of these populations, ÃŽ ¼1, ÃŽ ¼2, ÃŽ ¼3 ÃŽ ¼4 and respectively. We may use the appropriate hypothesis test several times, and test C(4,2), or six different null hypotheses: H0: ÃŽ ¼1 ÃŽ ¼2 to check if the mean weight of the population of the red candies is different than the mean weight of the population of the blue candies.H0: ÃŽ ¼2 ÃŽ ¼3 to check if the mean weight of the population of the blue candies is different than the mean weight of the population of the green candies.H0: ÃŽ ¼3 ÃŽ ¼4 to check if the mean weight of the population of the green candies is different than the mean weight of the population of the orange candies.H0: ÃŽ ¼4 ÃŽ ¼1 to check if the mean weight of the population of the orange candies is different than the mean weight of the population of the red candies.H0: ÃŽ ¼1 ÃŽ ¼3 to check if the mean weight of the population of the red candies is different than the mean weight of the population of the green candies.H0: ÃŽ ¼2 ÃŽ ¼4 to check if the mean weight of the population of the blue candies is different than the mean weight of the population of the orange candies. There are many problems with this kind of analysis. We will have six p-values. Even though we may test each at a 95% level of confidence, our confidence in the overall process is less than this because probabilities multiply: .95 x .95 x .95 x .95 x .95 x .95 is approximately .74, or an 74% level of confidence. Thus the probability of a type I error has increased. At a more fundamental level, we cannot compare these four parameters as a whole by comparing them two at a time. The means of the red and blue MMs may be significant, with the mean weight of red being relatively larger than the mean weight of the blue. However, when we consider the mean weights of all four kinds of candy, there may not be a significant difference. Analysis of Variance To deal with situations in which we need to make multiple comparisons we use ANOVA. This test allows us to consider the parameters of several populations at once, without getting into some of the problems that confront us by conducting hypothesis tests on two parameters at a time. To conduct ANOVA with the MM example above, we would test the null hypothesis H0:ÃŽ ¼1 ÃŽ ¼2 ÃŽ ¼3 ÃŽ ¼4. This states that there is no difference between the mean weights of the red, blue and green MMs. The alternative hypothesis is that there is some difference between the mean weights of the red, blue, green and orange MMs. This hypothesis is really a combination of several statements Ha: The mean weight of the population of red candies is not equal to the mean weight of the population of blue candies, ORThe mean weight of the population of blue candies is not equal to the mean weight of the population of green candies, ORThe mean weight of the population of green candies is not equal to the mean weight of the population of orange candies, ORThe mean weight of the population of green candies is not equal to the mean weight of the population of red candies, ORThe mean weight of the population of blue candies is not equal to the mean weight of the population of orange candies, ORThe mean weight of the population of blue candies is not equal to the mean weight of the population of red candies. In this particular instance, in order to obtain our p-value, we would utilize a probability distribution known as the F-distribution. Calculations involving the ANOVA F test can be done by hand, but are typically computed with statistical software. Multiple Comparisons What separates ANOVA from other statistical techniques is that it is used to make multiple comparisons. This is common throughout statistics, as there are many times where we want to compare more than just two groups. Typically an overall test suggests that there is some sort of difference between the parameters we are studying. We then follow this test with some other analysis to decide which parameter differs.

Friday, February 28, 2020

A child called it Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

A child called it - Essay Example In many cases, the child, because of illness, irritability, or the parents incorrect choice of actions, would not return the desired and expected response. In such an interaction, the child’s purpose can be seen as blameworthy. Pelzer writes that his mother often found any excuse to bit him: â€Å"SMACK!. Mother bits me in the face and I topped to the floor. I know better than to stand there and take the bit, I learned the bard way that she takes as an act of defiance, which means more bits, or worst of all, no food † (Pelzer, 1995, p. 3). As a child, Pelzer cannot resist domestic violence and psychical abuse. This situation creates feelings of helplessness, frustration and anger. A hasty move of children can also generate stresses for both the children and caretakers alike, with the children suddenly uprooted and the caretakers unprepared to meet their needs. In contrast to his siblings, favored by his mother, Pelzer was beaten, bruised and sometimes tortured for a long time. In some instances his injuries threatened his life: For instance, once Dave was stubbed in the chest, and â€Å"the pain from the pinching was more than I could stand. With my teeth clamped tightly on the rag, my screaming was muffled. I felt as though I was hanging from a cliff† (Pelzer, 1995, p. 23). This book is about emotional abuse and psychological distress caused by parents. Pelzer was subjected to emotional abuse and neglect, including malnutrition, being left alone and living in squalid conditions. It seems likely that Pelzer subjected to violent parenting repeatedly asserted his needs and his dependency only to find his caretakers unable to meet them. In such cases, the childrens immaturity would have been experienced by the parents as an intolerable extra demand that competed with the parents own dependency wishes. Frustration and violence to the children then resulted. The author describes: â€Å"I knew if I wanted to live, I would have to think ahead. I could no longer cry like

Wednesday, February 12, 2020

Research Method Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Research Method - Essay Example Bank of Muscat pays special consideration to the employee welfare and it undertakes a number of training programs in order to build employee skills and to increase competence within its workforce. And this has been the core reason for selecting Bank Muscat as the organization to be researched. As a part of the study the factors that affect the effectiveness of the internal environment of a business setting a number of options of study were available to be analyzed. Out of the variety of the topics which included Performance Appraisal, Leadership Effectiveness and Team Building, the Impact of training on Employee performance was chosen as the topic of the research. The dissertation proposed basically focuses on the extent to which training the employees pays off in the context of the Job satisfaction, Employee Efficiency, Customer Satisfaction and ultimately Organizational performance. The theme of the dissertation would be analyzed on the basis of a research conducted over the internal environment of Bank Muscat. The findings of the research would then be utilized to test the theories developed in the past and to modify them so as to improve their application to the current business scenarios. Moreover the research would serve the purpose of key decision making to managers and would help in improving the understanding of key Human Resource Management concepts. The basic purpose of undertaking the dissertation is to analyze the effect of training on employee’s performance and ultimately on the organization’s success. The outcome of the research will be used deduce the extent of training that is being provided to the employees at Bank Muscat and its degree of effectiveness as perceived by them. The dissertation will also be used to find out the significance of maintaining the internal environment for an organization. Since the dawn